It you insist on using ammonia windex, I would wipe it down with some oil to nuetralize that stuff. Don't forget there's also water in that stuff, and that not the best thing to leave on bare metal.
Is your bolt fried, NO of coarse not. Just take some steel wool and rub if down, and keep it lubed. By the look of the photo it just looks stained...
BTW: You can't just through in a bolt in those sucker without dealing with headspace.
BTW2: Best place to find bolts for C&R's would be places like Century arms. You would likey have to call them.