You can hunt with a rifle on US Army Corps of Engineers property, such as around Lake o' the Pines in Jefferson:
(Note: the phone number listed in the link is incorrect. I know this, because it happens to be my home phone number. The correct contact number is 2336.)
Here is a map showing other Corps lakes throughout the state:
Lake O’ the Pines offers 4,500 acres of federally owned property for excellent hunting opportunities. In addition, Lake O’ the Pines covers 18,700 water surface acres which provides some of the best waterfowl hunting habitat in East Texas. No permit is required to hunt, but all rules must be followed to ensure the safety of all our visitors. Some of the legal game found on Lake O’ the Pines include: White-Tailed Deer, Eastern Wild Turkey, Squirrel, Feral Hogs, and many species of waterfowl. Currently three all weather hunting access roads have been constructed encompassing approximately five miles. These three roads: Lone Star, Alley Creek and South Dam access have been constructed to provide vehicle access into some of the best hunting habitat available. The roads are closed to vehicle traffic from 15 January – 15 September, opened during hunting seasons only.
Lake O' the Pines
2669 FM 726, Jefferson, TX 75657, (903)-665-2336
Acreage: 4,500 Acres
Corps Permit: Not Required
Administration: Corps of Engineers
Legal Game: Mourning dove, bobwhite quail, squirrel, rabbit, waterfowl, feral hogs, white-tailed deer, and eastern wild turkey.
Season: As published in the Texas Hunting Guide for these counties.
Muzzleloaders and Crossbows: Yes
Special Restrictions: Rifle hunting for deer or feral hogs is only authorized for hunting areas south of the dam and west of Cypress Creek and for hunting areas north of Highway 155. For all other areas, hunting for deer or feral hogs is restricted to shotguns with slugs, muzzle loading rifles, and legal archery equipment. Subject to certain restrictions, permits to use all terrain vehicles (ATVs) at the hunting area south of the dam and west of Cypress Creek will be available for persons with a “permanent, ambulatory disability”. ATV rider certification (available at ATV dealers) is also required to qualify for an ATV permit. Anterless deer may be hunted during archery season only. All hunting is prohibited from 1 June through 31 August. A special white-tailed deer hunting event will be held for physically challenged hunters 14 December 2006 through 17 December 2006. Please call or write the Lake Office for additional information.